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MOTOROLA M68040 USER’S MANUAL 8- 21
8.4.1 Four-Word Stack Frame (Format $0)
If a four-word stack frame is on the active stack and an RTE instruction is encountered,
the processor updates the SR and PC with the data read from the stack, increments the
stack pointer by eight, and resumes normal instruction execution.
Stack Frames Exception Types Stacked PC Points To
STATUS REGISTER
PROGRAM COUNTER
0 0 0 0 VECTOR OFFSET
015
SP
+$02
+$06
FOUR-WORD STACK FRAME–FORMAT $0
• Interrupt
Format Error
TRAP #N
Illegal Instruction
A-Line Instruction
F-Line Instruction
Privilege Violation
Floating-Point Pre-
Instruction
Next Instruction
RTE or RESTORE
Instruction
Next Instruction
Illegal Instruction
A-Line Instruction
F-Line Instruction
First Word of Instruction
Causing Privilege Violation
Floating-Point Pre-
Instruction Exception
8.4.2 Four-Word Throwaway Stack Frame (Format $1)
If a four-word throwaway stack frame is on the active stack and an RTE instruction is
encountered, the processor increments the active stack pointer by eight, updates the SR
with the value read from the stack, and then begins RTE processing again, as illustrated in
Figure 8-6. The processor reads a new format word from the stack frame on top of the
active stack (which may or may not be the same stack used for the previous operation)
and performs the proper operations corresponding to that format. In most cases, the
throwaway frame is on the interrupt stack, and when the SR value is read from the stack,
the S-bit and M-bit are set. In that case, there is a normal four-word frame on the master
stack. However, the second frame can be any format (even another throwaway frame)
and can reside on any of the three system stacks.
Stack Frames Exception Types Stacked PC Points To
STATUS REGISTER
PROGRAM COUNTER
0 0 0 1 VECTOR OFFSET
015
SP
+$02
+$06
THROWAWAY FOUR-WORD STACK FRAME–FORMAT $1
Created on interrupt stack
during interrupt exception
processing when transition
from master state to
interrupt state occurs.
Next Instruction: same as
on master stack.
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