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107
Appendix
Glossary
Digital zoom: Unlike optical zoom, digital zoom does not increase the amount of visible detail. Instead, details visible
using optical zoom are simply enlarged, producing a slightly “grainy” image.
DPOF (Digital Print Order Format): A standard that allows pictures to be printed from “print orders” stored
in internal memory or on a memory card. The information in the order includes the pictures to be printed
and the number of copies of each picture.
EV (Exposure Value): The exposure value is determined by the sensitivity of the image sensor and the amount of
light that enters the camera while the image sensor is exposed. Each time the amount of light doubles, EV
increases by one; each time the amount of light is halved, EV decreases by one. The amount of light entering the
camera can be controlled by adjusting aperture and shutter speed.
Exif Print: A standard that uses information stored with pictures for optimal color reproduction during printing.
JPEG (Joint Photographic Experts Group): A compressed file format for color images. The higher the compression
rate, the greater the loss of information and more noticeable drop in quality when the picture is displayed.
Motion JPEG: An AVI (Audio Video Interleave) format that stores images and sound in a single file, with the images
recorded in JPEG format. Motion JPEG files can be played in Windows Media Player (requires DirectX 8.0 or later)
or QuickTime 3.0 or later.
Smear: A phenomenon specific to CCDs which causes white streaks to appear when very bright light sources, such
as the sun or reflected sunlight, appear in the frame.
WAV (Waveform Audio Format): A standard Windows audio file format. WAV files have the extension “*.WAV” and
may be compressed or uncompressed. The camera uses uncompressed WAV. WAV files can be played using
Windows Media Player or QuickTime 3.0 or later.
White balance: The human brain automatically adapts to changes in the color of light, with the result that objects
that appear white under one light source still appear white when the color of the light source changes. Digital
cameras can mimic this adjustment by processing images according to the color of the light source. This process
is known as “white balance.”
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