ASUS CUBX User’s Manual102
ROM (Read Only Memory)
ROM is nonvolatile memory used to store permanent programs (called firmware)
used in certain computer components. Flash ROM (or EEPROM) can be repro-
grammed with new programs (or BIOS).
SCSI (Small Computer System Interface)
High speed multi-threaded I/O interface defined by the X3T9.2 committee of the
American National Standards Institute (ANSI) for connecting many peripheral de-
vices. The standard started from 10MBytes/sec to 160MBytes/sec available today.
SDRAM (Synchronous DRAM)
The SDRAM features a fully synchronous operation referenced to a positive edge
clock whereby all operations are synchronized at a clock input which enables the
coexistence of high performance and a simple user interface. SDRAM takes memory
access away from the CPU's control; internal registers in the chips accept the re-
quest, and let the CPU do something else while the data requested is assembled for
the next time the CPU talks to the memory. As they work on their own clock cycle,
the rest of the system can be clocked faster. There is a version optimized for video
cards, and main memory for motherboards.
SPD for SDRAM module
Serial Presence Detect (SPD) is most like an ID detect for SDRAM module, it using
a EEPROM component on DIMM module for storing module configuration infor-
mation inside. The Serial Presence Detect function is implemented using a 2048 bit
EEPROM component. This nonvolatile storage device contains data programmed
by the DIMM manufacturer that identifies the module type and various SDRAM
organization and timing parameters.
SSE (Streaming SIMD Extensions)
A set of new instructions added to existing architectures that enables a better visual
experience with an accelerated 3D geometry pipeline and support for new applica-
tions, such as real-time video encoding and speech recognition.
A system disk contains the core file of an operating system and is used to boot up the
Ultra DMA/33 is a "synchronous DMA" protocol designed by Intel. This function is
included into Intel's PIIX4 chipset. The traditional IDE transfer only uses one edge
of the data stroke as the data transfer. Ultra DMA/33 uses both edges of data strobe
when the data is transferred. Hence, the data transfer rate is double of the PIO mode
4 or DMA mode 2 (16.6MB/s x2 = 33MB/s) on ATA-2 devices.
Ultra ATA/66, also known as Ultra DMA/66, is an extension of current Ultra ATA/
33 interface. This new high-speed interface has doubled the Ultra ATA/33 burst data
transfer rate to 66.6 Mbytes/sec and maximized disk performance under current PCI
local bus environment
USB (Universal Serial Bus)
A 4-pin serial cable bus that allows up to 127 plug and play computer peripherals
such as keyboard, mouse, joystick, scanner, printer, modem, and monitor to share a
bandwidth through a host scheduled token based protocol. This allows attaching or
detaching while the host and other peripherals are in operation. Supports synchro-
nous and asynchronous transfer types over the same set of wires up to 12Mbit/sec.
USB 2.0 provides twice the transfer rate compared to USB 1.0 and competes with
the 1394 standard.
Computer will automatically wake-up upon receiving a wake-up packet through a
Network interface when it is under power soft-off, suspend or sleep mode.