6Oregon 4-H Archery Member Manual
Fiberglass arrows are mainly for bow fishing. They are not rec-
ommended for hunting or target shooting because they are too heavy.
Aluminum arrows are available in a range of sizes, prices, and
durability. Most are durable with heavy use and can be restraightened.
Replacing fletching, points, and nocks on aluminum arrows is easy.
Carbon arrows are for more experienced archers. They are very
strong, durable, and lightweight. However, they are expensive.
Many compound bow hunters use carbon arrows. They also are
becoming popular with dedicated target shooters who use tradi-
Once you have decided which material you want for your
arrows, you must choose the right length. Arrows that are too long
do not fly well, and arrows that are too short are dangerous. Arrows
need to be an inch longer than the full draw of the archer. Archery
shops often have a special bow for measuring accurately your proper
It is extremely important to have a matched set of arrows. Do
not mix and match.
The guidance system for arrows is the fletching. Fletching is
made of either feathers or plastic vanes. It is available in different
sizes and colors.
Beginning archers often prefer feathers to vanes because feathers
are more forgiving. They can fold or flatten as they pass the bow
and arrow rest.
You might prefer plastic vanes if you will be shooting in wet
weather or using more durable arrows. However, vanes cannot be
shot off the shelf. They require an arrow rest that folds out of the
way or does not touch the vanes as they pass.
Things to do
1. Visit an archery shop to see the different types of bows and
2. Give a presentation on different types of arrows and their uses.
3. Complete the eye dominance test to determine your dominant eye.
Archival copy. For current version, see: https://catalog.extension.oregonstate.edu/4-h361