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4Oregon 4-H Archery Member Manual
than whether you are left or right handed. Just as most of us favor
one hand over the other, we also favor one eye over the other. But,
there is no correlation between our preferred hand and our preferred
eye. Do the eye dominance test below to help you determine which
eye you favor.
Bows are designed to be drawn a standard distance, called a
draw length. With longbows and recurves, the farther back you pull
the string, the greater force you exert. The amount of force (mea-
sured in pounds) it takes to draw a bowstring on a recurve or a
longbow is called the draw weight. As a beginner, the most impor-
tant consideration is the draw weight of the bow.
It is very important that you be able to draw the bow fully and
hold it for several seconds without undue strain. An archer should
be able to hold a full draw for a 7- to 10-second aiming period.
Another way to test the draw weight is to pull the bowstring back
several times. An archer should be able to pull the bow to full draw
10 or 12 times without noticing muscle fatigue.
A bow that is too heavy will prevent you from developing good
shooting form. Start with one that is easy to draw and hold.
Bows are made from wood, fiberglass, and metal.
Compound bow
Pulley
(wheel or cam)
Limb
bolt
Cable
guard
Cable
String
Pulley
(wheel or cam)
Riser
Limb
bolt
Upper
limb
Lower
limb
Longbow
(Straight or Stick bow)
Lower notch
Lower limb
String
Handle
Brace
height
Face
Arrow shelf
Back
Upper notch
Tip
Weight
Guidelines:
4th to 6th grades, recommended weight is 15 to 22 pounds
7th to 9th grades, recommended weight is 25 to 30 pounds
10th to 12th grades, recommended weight is 35 to
40 pounds
Eye dominance test
1. Recruit a partner to help you with this test (parent,
friend, brother, or sister). Have your partner face you
about 10 feet away, standing up.
2. Extend your arms straight out in front of you, with
your hands flat and your palms facing down.
3. Place one thumb on top of the other.
4. Bend your wrists so that the backs of your hands are
facing you.
5. Tilt your hands together until the fingers overlap,
creating a small triangular opening.
Archival copy. For current version, see: https://catalog.extension.oregonstate.edu/4-h361
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