Oregon 4-H Archery Member Manual 9
Chapter 4
On the Range
Safety first
The place that you will shoot your bow and arrow is called a
range. The most important aspect of an archery range is safety. Do
not set up targets in front of buildings, sidewalks, or other areas
where people might pass. A hillside bank is ideal, but not necessary.
Remove brush and obstacles from behind targets as much as
possible. This helps avoid lost and broken arrows. It also prevents
arrows from deflecting, so you can find them more easily.
You might need to find out if your city has an ordinance about
shooting within the city limits.
The shooting range should be defined by clear perimeter lines.
These lines can be made of tape, lime, or rope. If you are shooting
indoors, make sure that there are no doors that could allow people
to walk into your range. Post warning signs around the perimeter of
the range to help ensure that spectators and nonparticipants stay
out of the area.
Parts of a range
A range should have a shooting line, a waiting line, and a
target line. These can be made with tape or lime.
The shooting line is the line that the shooter straddles to fire
his or her arrows. With beginning archers, this line needs to be
close enough to the target so that the archer will be successful
and hit the target every time.
The waiting line should be 3 yards behind the shooting line.
Shooters are required to stand behind the waiting line until it is
safe to retrieve their arrows, and until the range commander
allows them to advance to the target line. Waiting behind the
waiting line gives all other shooters an opportunity to concen-
trate fully on each shot.
When it is time to retrieve arrows, and the range commander
has given the signal, you may approach the target line. The
target line should be 3 yards in front of the target. This line acts
as a “speed bump” and slows the people walking forward to pull
their arrows so they won’t run into the arrows sticking out of the
targets. It also keeps the people that are waiting to pull their
arrows a safe distance from the targets.
Target line
Shooting line
Waiting line
Safety area
minimum 50 yards
behind targets
Safety area
minimum 15 yards
Safety area
minimum 15 yards
Controlled access/spectator area
Archival copy. For current version, see: https://catalog.extension.oregonstate.edu/4-h361
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