G L O S S A R Y
117
PR O T E C T I O N C O M P O N E N T S
Integral parts of Kaspersky Internet Security intended for protection against specific types of threats (for example, Anti-
Spam and Anti-Phishing). Each of the components is relatively independent of the other ones and can be disabled or
configured individually.
PR O T O C O L
A clearly defined and standardized set of rules governing the interaction between a client and a server. Well-known
protocols and the services associated with them include HTTP, FTP, and NNTP.
Q
QU A R A N T I N E
A dedicated storage in which the application places backup copies of files that have been modified or deleted during
disinfection. Copies of files are stored in a special format that is not dangerous for the computer.
R
RO O T K I T
A program or a set of programs for hiding traces of an intruder or malware in the operating system.
On Windows-based operating systems, a rootkit usually refers to a program that penetrates the operating system and
intercepts system functions (Windows APIs). Interception and modification of low-level API functions are the main
methods that allow these programs to make their presence in the operating system quite stealthy. A rootkit can usually
also mask the presence of any processes, folders, and files that are stored on a disk drive, in addition to registry keys, if
they are described in the configuration of the rootkit. Many rootkits install their own drivers and services on the operating
system (these also are "invisible").
S
SC R I P T
A small computer program or an independent part of a program (function) which, as a rule, has been developed to
execute a specific task. It is most often used with programs that are embedded in hypertext. Scripts are run, for example,
when you open some websites.
If real-time protection is enabled, the application tracks the execution of scripts, intercepts them, and scans them for
viruses. Depending on the results of scanning, you may block or allow the execution of a script.
SE C U R I T Y L E V E L
The security level is defined as a predefined collection of settings for an application component.
SP A M
Unsolicited mass email mailings, most often including advertisements.
ST A R T U P O B J E C T S
The set of programs needed to start and correctly operate the operating system and software installed on your computer.
These objects are executed every time the operating system is started. There are viruses capable of infecting autorun
objects specifically, which may lead, for example, to blocking of operating system startup.
T
TA S K
The functions of the Kaspersky Lab application are implemented in the form of tasks, such as: Full Scan task or Update
task.
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