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20
DC TIG Welding General Description
The DC power source uses what is known as DC (direct current) in which the main elec-

(terminal) to the positive pole (terminal). In the DC electrical circuit there is an electrical
principle at work which should always be taken into account when using any DC circuit.

be understood because it determines what terminal the TIG torch will be connected to
(this rule applies to all the other forms of DC welding as well ).
DC TIG welding is a process in which an arc is struck between a
TUNGSTEN electrode and the metal work piece. The weld area is
-
sten, molten pool and weld area.
When the TIG arc is struck the inert gas is ionized and superheat-

         
work piece is the TIG arc and can be as hot as 19,000°C. It is a very
pure and concentrated arc which provides the controlled melting of
most metals into a weld pool. TIG welding offers the user the greatest

and types. DC TIG welding is also the cleanest weld with no sparks
or spatter.
HF ARC IGNITION for TIG (tungsten inert gas) Welding
HF (high frequency) ignition allows the arc to be started in Tig welding without touching the tungsten to the

frequency) (high voltage) spark, this “ionizes” the air gap making it conductive allowing an arc to be created
without touching the tungsten to the work piece. The gas molecules are superheated by the arc creating
a stream of super heated gas that changes the molecular structure into producing a plasma stream. This
plasma stream provides heat and energy that allows us to melt and fuse metals in an inert gas shielded
environment know as TIG (tungsten inert gas) welding.
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gas
molecules
 HF plasma
stream

tungsten. The welder regulates the welding current to adjust the power
of the arc. Typically thin material requires a less powerful arc with less
heat to melt the material so less current (amps) is required, thicker
material requires a more powerful arc with more heat so more current
(amps) are necessary to melt the material.


high
current
low
current
power source
argon gas
nozzle
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